What is BRAC?

Base Realignment and Closure (BRAC) is a process directed at the administration and operation of the Armed Forces, used by the Department of Defense and Congress to close excess military installations and realign the total asset inventory. The intent is to reduce expenditures on operations and maintenance, aimed at achieving increased efficiency in line with Congressional and DoD objectives. More than 350 installations have been closed in five BRAC rounds: 1989; 1991; 1993; 1995 and the most recent in 2005. The BRAC process is slated to begin again in 2015.

The BRAC process was developed in an attempt to achieve the government’s goal of closing and realigning military installations despite the political challenges which often arise when facilities face reduction or elimination. Because a military base can bring millions of dollars in federal money to its locale each year, challenges raised by members of Congress from affected districts make such initiatives difficult. Congress created the BRAC process in 1988 as a politically palatable method to pursue such goals.

  • The current and future mission capabilities and the impact on operational readiness of the total force, including the impact on joint warfighting, training, and readiness.
  • The availability and conditions of land, facilities, and associated airspace (including training areas available for maneuver by ground, naval, or air forces and use by the Armed Forces I homeland defense missions).
  • The ability to accommodate contingency, mobilization, surge, and future total force requirements at both existing and potential receiving locations.
  • The extent and timing of potential costs and savings, including the number of years for the savings to exceed the costs.
  • The economic impact on existing communities in the vicinity of military installations.
  • The ability of the infrastructure of both the existing and potential receiving communities to support forces, missions, and personnel.
  • The environmental impact, including the impact of costs related to environmental restoration and environmental compliance activities.